As I near completion of the copy-editing phase of my forthcoming book it’s frustrating to see all of the great research that’s been produced in recent weeks that I probably won’t be able to cite! Here’s a few things that caught my eye:
Damon Hall and Dino Martins have a short piece on Human dimensions of insect pollinator conservation in Current Opinion in Insect Science. My favourite line is: “any call to ‘save the bees’ must be a call to stabilize agriculture”. Amen to that.
In the journal New Phytologist, Rhiannon Dalrymple and colleagues, including Angela Moles who hosted me during my recent stay in Australia, have a great study entitled Macroecological patterns in ﬂower colour are shaped by both biotic and abiotic factors. The title pretty much sums it up: in order to fully understand how flowers evolve we need to consider more than just their interactions with pollinators. It’s another demonstration of how we must look beyond simplistic ideas about pollination syndromes to fully understand the complexities of the relationship between flowering plants and pollinators…..
…..talking of which, again in New Phytologist, Agnes Dellinger asks: Pollination syndromes in the 21st century: where do we stand and where may we go? It’s an insightful and far-reaching review of a topic that has intrigued me for more than 25 years. There are still a lot of questions that need to be asked about a conceptual framework that, up until the 1990s, most people in ecology and biology accepted rather uncritically. One of the main unanswered questions for me is how further study of largely unexplored floras will reveal the existence of new pollination systems/syndromes. Which leads nicely to….
…..an amazing paper in Nature this week by Rodrigo Cámara-Leret et al. showing that New Guinea has the world’s richest island flora. The described flora includes 13,634 plant species, 68% of which are endemic to New Guinea! And the description of new species each year is not leveling off, there’s still more to be discovered. A commentary on the paper by Vojtech Novotny and Kenneth Molem sets some wider context to the work, and quite a number of media outlets have covered the story. Why is this relevant to pollinators and pollination? Well, we actually know very little about this critical aspect of the ecology of the island: there’s only a handful of published studies of plant-pollinator interactions from New Guinea, mostly focused on figs, bird-flower interactions, and a couple of crops. For such a biodiverse part of the world that’s a big gap in our understanding.
Finally, James Reilly, Rachael Winfree and colleagues have a paper in Proceedings of the Royal Society series B showing that: Crop production in the USA is frequently limited by a lack of pollinators. Most significant findings to me were that of the seven crops studied, five of them have their yields limited by lack of pollinators, and that even in areas of highly intensive farming, wild bees provided as much pollination service as honeybees.
That’s a few of the things that I spotted this week; what have you seen that’s excited or intrigued you? Feel free to comment.